Vitiligo is a condition in which white patches develop on the skin. Any location on the body can be affected, and most people with vitiligo have white patches on many areas. Although vitiligo affects all races equally, it’s more noticeable in dark-skinned people.
What are the causes of vitiligo
The skin does not have its original color due to a large amount of loss of its melanin. It might be an autoimmune condition, where your body’s defenses turn on your own cells instead of attacking invading germs.
Who are to prone to vitiligo?
In most cases, it develops early in life, between ages 10 and 30. It will almost always show up before age 40. Vitiligo may run in families. You’re more likely to get it when someone else in your family has it, too.
What are the commonly affected areas?
Vitiligo commonly affects places that have been injured in the past, and areas exposed to sun, around moles, or around body openings. It can also affect eyelids and hair
Vitiligo is usually treated with creams and tablets, or by phototherapy. Vitiligo may fail to improve or clear with these treatments.
Surgical treatment options can be considered in patients with stable vitiligo. There are different types of vitiligo surgeries:
- Grafting of melanocyte-rich tissue (tissue grafting)
- Grafting of melanocyte cells (cellular grafting).
Best suitable treatment depends on the patient and can be decided by an expert Dermatologist only.